The most ancient vestiges of the human presence in the Region of Murcia seem to go back more than one million and a half years. From them some remains have come to us only of silex retouched like tools. Though there exist remains that testify the presence of the man of Neanderthal, Cromagnon and of the culture of the Neolithic one, it is in full Age of the Iron when the population of this territory shows a high degree of evolution. Under the Iberian period there is registered an important agricultural and cattle development, as well as an intense commercial activity, which there have left numerous testimonies exposed in several museums of the region.

Up to the arrival of the Romans, the settlers of the Valley of Sure had established always in high zones of the saw, since the fertile plaine was curdled of almarjales that were making the human accession very difficult. The Romans adapted ways and created infrastructures in the whole territory, making possible also the occupation of some zones on the banks of Segura river: a villa appears already at the back of the valley named Murus Thader, origin of the future city of Murcia. It is necessary to say that, till then and also under the Roman Empire, it was Cartagena the most important city of the region.

Really, the growth and development of the capital would not be given up to the arrival of the Arabs in the 8th century, who channelled and regulated the waters of Segura river up to turning the valley into the fertile garden that today we know. Murcia (the Mursiya of the Arabs) grew of spectacular form, was walled and in it they sprouted mosques and palaces of singular importance; many people qualified it as the Al-Andalus’s most beautiful city after Seville and it managed to turn into the capital of the flourishing and most important kingdom.

In the 13th century it was wrested from the Arabs by Alfonso X “El Sabio”, who delivered it to Jaime I “El Conquistador”. Under the Wreath of Castile the Kingdom of Murcia supported its former borders, which were including the current provinces of Murcia and Albacete, and part of those of Alicante, Granada and Almeria. The XVIIth and XVIIIth century, thanks to the flourishing industry of its silk, they were for Murcia a new golden epoch that fulfilled it with monuments and richnesses that today constitute its principal historical patrimony.

The loss of territories and of many of its privileges as independent territory in later times, it make that “murcianos” were initiating the war in diverse occasions; the most famous took place at the end of the 19th century, with the Cantonal Elevation that Antonete Gálvez and Roque Barcia directed in opposition to the central power of the Spanish nation, making the Region of Murcia and its historical area was not forming a part of the Spanish nation. Murcia was a country in a brief period of time in 1.888.

For further information, don’t hesitate to check Wikipedia